David grew stronger and stronger, while the … The Lord must have guided David in a special way when he chose Jerusalem to be his capital, because Jerusalem would play a strategic role in the working out of His great plan of salvation. The Philistines recognize the threat David poses as Israel’s king. 5:11-16 -- The building of David's house (his physical house, and his household). Later, David would purchase property on Zion which would become the site for the temple that his son Solomon would build (, ). The total number of officers and men who came to David at Hebron is 340,800. He had been tested and trained by the Lord. In our chapter, David will take Jerusalem from the Jebusites to make it the new capital of Israel. As a priest and king, He foreshadowed Christ in His ministry as both Priest and King. Latest blog posts. But David, guided by God, deals the Philistines a series of quick defeats. It refers to a stone embankment that was built on the southeastern side of the mount. No longer was David an inexperienced kid. ◄2 Samuel 5:25 ► So David did as the LORD had commanded him, and he struck down the Philistines all the way from Geba to Gezer. As such, he may have passed by Jerusalem, which was in the territory of Judah and Benjamin to declare the strength of God to the Jebusites to strike fear in their hearts. If that’s the case, then as grisly as it sounds, David must have preserved the head for all those years and kept it as a trophy and reminder of God’s faithfulness. The next step was for the leaders of all the tribes to convene at Hebron and crown David king. But, it is not known where David’s tomb is, although Josephus recorded that Herod the Great tried to loot David’s tomb but found someone had beat him to it. We may not be in danger of being seduced by an evil power such as Hitler, but we may not be clear on the authority to whom we give allegiance. And David perceived that the LORD had established him king over Israel, and that he had exalted his kingdom for his people Israel's sake. And he takes the throne of Israel as a seasoned warrior and a gifted leader with the blessing of the Lord. Tyre is located to the north of Israel on the coast of the Mediterranean in what we would think of as southern Lebanon today, but was Phoenicia then. He is the only viable military leader with a proven record of victories in past campaigns (5:1–5). David knew something that the Jebusites didn’t. Even though the Philistine military commanders suspected something was up with David, Achish still was favorably inclined toward David. Saul had been “the people’s king” but he wasn’t the Lord’s first choice, for God had given him as a judgment against Israel because they wanted to be like the other nations (, ). The Philistines were sure the presence of their gods would assure them victory, David gave God all the glory and called the place Baal-perazim, which means “Lord of breaking through.”, It may be that it was at this time that the Gadite warriors of, This was probably the occasion when 3 of David’s “mighty men” broke through the Philistine lines and obtained for David water from the Bethlehem well (, It took a great deal of faith and courage for them to do this, and what they did was in response to a. The Philistines, however, were dangerous on land and at sea … and it benefitted both David and Hiram for the Philistines to be out of the picture. Expository Sermons. 3 The war between the house of Saul and the house of David lasted a long time. Scripture Second Samuel chapters 5 to 10 describe David at the pinnacle of his reign as God’s chosen king over God’s chosen people, Israel. Sermons From 2 Samuel . David’s capital was at Hebron in the territory of Judah. When David was a teenager, Samuel had anointed him privately as recorded in. But if they disobeyed and worshiped false gods, He would discipline them. By this victory Israel regained the territory that Saul lost in his last battle. Now David said, “Whoever attacks the Jebusites first shall be chief and captain.” And Joab the son of Zeruiah went up first, and became chief. In our chapter for tonight, the tribes of Israel now make David king. SERMONS ON 2 SAMUEL. Heavenly Father, we thank You for everyone here this evening. By chapter 6, David is fully established ruling from Jerusalem and the Ark of the Covenant is brought there. The Valley of Hinnom lay on the south, the Kidron Valley on the east, and the Tyropean Valley on the west. 2 Samuel 5:12 is key to understanding why David prospered as Israel"s king. The Paperback Bible presents the Bible by the Book and is designed to be portable, readable, and truly personal with ample margins for notations. Now, there is an interesting verse back in. Assured by the Lord that He would give Israel victory, David met the Philistines two miles southwest of Jerusalem, and he forced them to retreat. It’s likely that David’s palace was built for him after this. is David’s song of victory after God had defeated all his foes and given him peace. The men of Judah had anointed him at Hebron. So, David promised that the man who entered the city and subdued it would be the commander of his army. And then there were those born after he moved to Jerusalem which are listed here and in. After the death of David Hiram entered into a similar alliance with Solomon, and assisted him greatly in building the temple. (1-3) The elders of Israel recognize David as king over Israel. The Lord loved His people and knew they needed a shepherd, so He equipped David to be their king. The church sees the earthly Jerusalem as a city of legalistic bondage, but the heavenly Jerusalem as a symbol of the covenant of grace in Christ Jesus (, ) and the eternal home of Christ’s people (. It may have been prominently displayed in David’s palace and perhaps could have been placed in David’s tomb as a memorial. David’s nephew Joab accepted the challenge, captured the city, and became captain of David’s troops. David is the only viable military leader with a proven record of victories in past campaigns (5:1–5). 5:1-5 -- Israel submits to David as “God's king.” 2. THIS IS THE WIFE OF URIAH THE HITTITE 2 It happened at evening, that David arose from off his bed, and walked on the roof of the king’s house: and from the roof he saw a woman bathing; and the woman was very beautiful to look on. ruled in the 10th century bc (969–936), established Tyre as the most important port city in the Mediterranean, and maintained friendly contacts with Israel. Ahinoam of Jezreel gave birth to Amnon, David’s firstborn (, Abigail the widow of Nabal gave birth to Chileab, also called Daniel (, Princess Maacah bore Absalom (3:3) and Tamar (. The Philistines also came and spread themselves in the valley of Rephaim. In our chapter, the elders of the tribes of Israel will anoint him as their king. Whatever the case, Joab and his men were able to enter the city by the water system and take it. In subsequent campaigns, David also took back the cities the Philistines had taken from Saul (, ). (3) That speaks volumes to me! And to mitigate what could be a disaster for them, they organized a preemptive strike intended to kill him before he can weld Israel together (v. 17). Jerusalem had never belonged to any of the tribes, so nobody could accuse David of playing favorites in setting up his new capital. And there they left their images, and David and his men burned them. So he shepherded them according to the integrity of his heart. 2 Samuel 5:1-10 Pete sits on the street and leans against a building. We must deal with the sins of our kids, we must intercede on behalf of them to the Lord that they may not die an eternal death separated from God! David was born and raised in Bethlehem., and. But remember that Israel was a nation that was distinguished from her neighbors by a special covenant relationship with God. By defeating the Philistines, a message went out to Israel’s enemies that they had better be careful what they do to Israel. In Hebron he reigned over Judah seven years and six months: and in Jerusalem he reigned thirty and three years over all Israel and Judah. And they were there with David three days, eating and drinking, for their brethren had prepared for them. It’s no wonder that David had a really difficult family life. From taking on bears and lions while guarding his father’s sheep … to defeating Goliath … to battles both mental and physical … the Lord has brought David through. Saul is dead and David is no longer on the run. Marriages like this were a common way to secure good relationships with other nations. His other wives, who are not named bore David Ibhar, Elishua, Eliphelet, Nogah, Nepheg, Japhia, Elishama, Eliada, and Eliphelet. It’s probable that these attacks occurred before David relocated in Jerusalem, because he and his men went down to “the stronghold” (5:17), the wilderness area where he had lived in the days when Saul was out to kill him (. over the Jordan River on the boundary of Gad and Manasseh, while David’s capital was at Hebron in the tribe of Judah. The LORD warned the people by the reign of Saul and then desired for Israel to be ruled by the godly man, David. And David took the head of the Philistine and brought it to Jerusalem, but he put his armor in his tent. 1. This was, in fact, the third time that David was anointed as king. you are little among the thousands of Judah. Additionally, Jerusalem had never belonged to any of the tribes, so nobody could accuse David of playing favorites in setting up his new capital. In fact, the Philistine king grew to trust David enough to make him his personal bodyguard. It was also good for Hiram because Israel could easily block the trade route to Tyre, and the Phoenicians depended on Jewish farmers for their food. Breaking Through Your Glass Ceiling - 2 Samuel 5:1-4 The Road To The Throne - 2 Samuel 5:1-5 The Sound Of A Going - 2 Samuel 5:22-25 Going After God - 2 Samuel 6:1-19 After God's Own Heart - 2 Samuel 6:1-16 When God Says "No!" To choose one or the other would have sent a bad message. Ibhar also, and Elishua, and Nepheg, and Japhia, But when the Philistines heard that they had anointed David king over Israel, all the Philistines came up to seek David; and David heard. God had promised the Jews that He would appoint a place where they could come to worship Him (, ), and He must have revealed to David that Jerusalem was that place. God coming to lead His people to victory? And the LORD said unto David, Go up: for I will doubtless deliver the Philistines into thine hand. 2 Samuel 5:17-21 New International Version (NIV) David Defeats the Philistines. David at last is in command of his people, and immediately reveals the vigor that will mark his actions throughout his long future reign. But first, as he usually did, David inquired of the Lord either by the Urim and the Thummim or perhaps by the prophet of Gad. This week's lectionary scripture texts all feature the twin themes of power and weakness. Hiram’s empire would grow dramatically and between Hiram’s power at sea and David’s power on land, the grip of the Philistines would be broken. So, with the end of Saul’s dynasty, God established the dynasty that would bring the Messiah Jesus Christ into the world. not to form alliances with their neighbors that would compromise their testimony. The Jebusites who lived in Jerusalem thought that their city could not be taken. David wisely chose as his capital the Jebusite city of Jerusalem on the border of Benjamin (Saul’s tribe) and Judah (David’s tribe). ), and one day He will speak in His wrath and judge those who oppose Him and His truth. Over the next three weeks, we move from a “yes-but” narrative (2 Samuel 6) to a “YES!” narrative (2 Samuel 7) to a “NO!” narrative (2 Samuel 11). Wouldn’t it be interesting if David’s tomb were excavated and the remains of Goliath’s head were found? But neither city was suitable for a new ruler who was seeking to unify the nation and make a new beginning. The Bible records that both Solomon and King Hezekiah strengthened this part of Mount Zion. Sermons from II Samuel. There was no more able heir to claim Saul’s throne. Because of this, he was able to establish the dynasty that brought the Messiah Jesus Christ into the world, and He, too, was born in Bethlehem. The LORD had the prophet Samuel anoint David as His choice for King of Israel and the LORD has seen David through. Jerusalem was on the border of Benjamin (Saul’s tribe) and Judah (David’s tribe). And David did so, as the LORD had commanded him; and smote the Philistines from Geba until thou come to Gazer. As we saw in chapter 3, at least one of David’s wives was a princess. ), and the Jews were warned not to form alliances with their neighbors that would compromise their testimony. In fact, they fled so quickly that they left their idols behind, and David and his men burned them. 12:1-4; Psalm 51. “Out of Zion, the perfection of beauty, God hath shined” (, kjv). Contributed by Freddy Fritz on Mar 6, 2020. based on 1 rating. David, guided by God, deals the Philistines a series of quick defeats, foreshadowing the end of that sea people’s military and technological dominance. Second, the Lord had already chose David to be king. “Also it shall be, when he sits on the throne of his kingdom, that he shall write for himself a copy of this law in a book, from, before the priests, the Levites. Phoenician historians record that Solomon married the daughter of Hiram. Therefore he called the name of that place Baalperazim. The Lord affirmed that He was with David and would give Israel victory. In fact, in 1997 there was a large stone structure discovered above the stepped stone embankment. 2 Samuel 5 – David Made King Over A United Israel A. David reigns over all Israel. It is prophesied of the gospel church, The sons of strangers shall build up thy walls, and their kings shall minister unto thee, Isaiah 60:10. Much earlier in that book, we learned that Saul had disobeyed the Lord and that the Lord had In verse 13, after mention of a palace, we have the “house” that the Lord was building for him … his family. It’s likely that some of the wives, like Maacah, represented alliances that David made with neighboring kings to help guarantee the security of Israel. And down the line from David, the kings more and more led the people in rejecting God. It was probably built to support additional buildings and a wall. The tribes of Israel now make David king. David entered into a covenant with the Lord and the people. As a result of my study of 2 Samuel 5, I now understand there are four major sections which I have outlined below: 1. It was also on the west side of the Jordan and accessible to all the tribes. The people remained with David for three days and celebrated God’s goodness to His people. In J. D. Barry, D. Bomar, D. R. Brown, R. Klippenstein, D. Mangum, C. Sinclair Wolcott, … W. Widder (Eds.). God gave him a new battle plan, he obeyed it, and the Lord gave him the victory. They organize a preemptive strike intended to kill him before he can weld Israel together (v. 17). His words always hurt...read more Then came all the tribes of Israel to David unto Hebron, and spake, saying, Behold, we. He shall save my people from the hand of the Philistines. So then, it was for a time believed that this was Joab's point of entry. So, David is at last in command of all Israel. Second Samuel 11:1-27 shows us the carnage of sin in a person's life. These came in great numbers into the territory of Israel, hoping to seize David himself (ver. So, finally, here David is … King over all Israel. And soon David took back the cities the Philistines had taken from Saul. Also, in time past, when Saul was king over us, you were the one who led Israel out and brought them in; and the Lord said to you, ‘You shall shepherd My people Israel, and be ruler over Israel. And of course there were other battles and skirmishes between David and the Philistines. God’s covenant with His people as expressed in the Law of Moses, is the foundation of the nation of Israel. When you hear the work of God happening, bestir thyself - advance quickly. David realized that Yahweh was Israel"s real sovereign. It was beneficial to him to have a friend to the south … especially since the Israelites were not seafaring people and thus not competition. 2 Samuel. Now, remember that the Philistine king was quite fond of David. Abner and Ishbosheth had established their capital at Mahanaim. In this covenant he would have agreed to uphold and obey God’s law and to rule in the fear of the Lord. So, the Philistines were very much aware of what David was capable of and they recognized the threat David posed to them as Israel’s king. God had given Saul as a judgment against Israel because they wanted to be like the other nations. As a young man, he had killed their great hero Goliath. David was a kid, Saul was king, and Jerusalem was in the hands of the Jebusites. David had repeated battles with the Philistines, and the Lord gave him one victory after another (. The Jebusites were descended from the 3rd son of Canaan. 2 Samuel 5:11 sounds like a historical report, but it is in fact an ominous act of warning." The law clearly stated that the king was not to multiply wives, but both David and Solomon ignored this law, and both paid dearly for it. Lord, we open up Your word desiring to hear from You ... not man's word or wisdom, but Your Words and Wisdom. … So, David met the Philistines 2 miles southwest of Jerusalem, and was victorious. So then, how is it that David took Goliath’s head to Jerusalem? And David sought the Lord’s will a second time. It was by this victory that Israel regained the territory that Saul lost in his last battle. 2 Samuel 5:12 I. (2-5) David’s sons born in Hebron. Built on a rocky hill and surrounded on three sides by valleys and hills, the city was vulnerable only on the north side. SermonAudio.com - 2 Samuel 5 Sermons. He was to be a king “whom the Lord your God chooses.”. This was an affirmation of His willingness to abide by God’s covenant with His people. (2) Then it was prophesied that his two sons were going to die (2:34). Also in time past, when Saul was king over us, thou wast he that leddest out and broughtest in Israel: and the LORD said to thee, Thou shalt feed my people Israel, and thou shalt be a captain over Israel. As we saw in the last chapter, there was yet a surviving male grandson of Saul, Mephibosheth. This was, in fact, the third time that David was anointed as king. Second Samuel 5:17-25 shows us how God protects his kingdom. wilt thou deliver them into mine hand? Thank You that You know each of us by name and have caused us to walk with You. Take the Tunnel. Another possibility is that it was just recorded in. Biblical Commentary 2 Samuel 5:1-5, 9-10 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: The book of First Samuel ends with the death of King Saul and his three sons (1 Samuel 31). So David dwelt in the fort, and called it the city of David. And the Philistines came up yet again, and spread themselves in the valley of Rephaim. Kim, K. (2016). But David seems to have ignored this law, … as did Solomon after him. And David came to Baalperazim, and David smote them there, and said, The LORD hath broken forth upon mine enemies before me, as the breach of waters. But David would be the high-mark … a picture of the future reign of Christ, though a flawed picture, as David was a sinful person. Our sermon ideas on 2 Samuel will help you preach a powerful message on God's unconditional promise to David. And if you look at the outline of the valleys that run through and around Jerusalem, it looks like the letter Shin, which is shorthand for Shaddai, one of the names of God. The Valley of Hinnom lay on the south, the Kidron Valley on the east, and the Tyropean Valley on the west. There are a few lists of David’s children in Scripture. 2 Samuel • Sermon • Submitted ... 2 Samuel 5:2 NKJV. And very quickly we see reveals the strength of character and military capability that will mark his actions throughout his long future reign. Charles Hoffacker "David was thirty years old when he began to From following the ewes that had young He brought him. Scriptures: 2 Sam. However, the … Continue reading "Commentary on 2 Samuel 6:1-5, 12b-19" Ishbosheth’s commander of armies and potential ally of David, Abner, is dead, having been assassinated by David’s military commander, Joab. Verse 2 of our chapter reminds us that the people were aware that Samuel had anointed David king some 20 years before this. The people remained with David for three days and celebrated God’s goodness to His people. What we miss is that this isn’t speaking of people who are lame and blind. They obtained the water because they loved their king and wanted to please him. Hiram established Tyre as the most important port city in the Mediterranean, and maintained friendly contacts with Israel. And the fact that David led Israel in battle under Saul is supporting evidence. They organize a preemptive strike intended to kill him before he can weld Israel together (v. 17). By this time David already was recognized as king in Judah, but now he sought to bring Israel and Judah into a strong … SermonAudio.com - 2 Samuel 10 Sermons. I find it interesting that the elders of Israel make 2 statements about why they are finally come to David to anoint him king. David also had children by his concubines, so he had a large family to manage. 2 Samuel 3 – Abner’s Defection and Murder A. Abner defects from Ishbosheth. Now, in the next section, the Philistines are defeated. Israel was a nation that was distinguished from her neighbors by her special covenant relationship with the true and living God (. It may have been Hiram’s way of recognizing David’s accession to the throne. And it shall be with him, and he shall read it all the days of his life, that he may learn to fear the, his God and be careful to observe all the words of this law and these statutes, that his heart may not be lifted above his brethren, that he may not turn aside from the commandment. “No … we are the army of the Living God.”, “I hate your idols and we are going to kick the idols out of the house of Jerusalem.”. The mention of David’s palace and his alliance with Hiram offered the writer opportunity to mention David’s family, the “house” that the Lord was building for him (, prohibited Israel’s king from taking many wives, but David seems to have ignored this law, as did Solomon after him (. David didn’t assume that the same strategy would work again. 2 Samuel 5:1-5, Jeremiah 33:1-26, Ezekiel 34:1-31, Luke 2:1-7, Luke 2:8-20 Christmas is a time of joy and enjoy, but also a time of unprecedented envy. Saul had been “the people’s king” whom the Lord had given to them according to their desire. Introduction. Political considerations were important, but so was security, and the topography of Jerusalem made it an ideal capital city. Weekly sermon email Subscribe for free. “Beautiful for situation, the joy of the whole earth, is mount Zion, on the sides of the north, the city of the great King” (, kjv). For Israel, there had been so many years of difficulty and division. This suggests that the marriage was a political alliance, and no doubt there were other similar marriages. Neither of those places was good for a new ruler who needed to unify the nation. Instead, David wisely chose as his capital the Jebusite city of Jerusalem. So Joab seems to have sneaked his men into town through a water system. 5 Then all the tribes of Israel () came to David at Hebron and spoke, saying, “Indeed () we are your bone and your flesh. Nevertheless David took the strong hold of Zion: the same. It is a curved, 60 ft high, 1,500 feet long and 900 feet wide, narrow stone structure. 2 Samuel 3-5 New International Version (NIV). So all the elders of Israel came to the king to Hebron; and king David made a league with them in Hebron before the LORD: and they anointed David king over Israel. And so it seems they figured that while he was fresh to the throne they should go on the offensive. In order to marry Saul’s daughter Michal, David had slain 200 Philistines. And God also chose David, who was a man after God’s own heart, and as for the people, there was really no other choice but David. And David went on, and grew great, and the LORD God of hosts. ). Unlike Saul, who was a Benjamite, David was from the royal tribe of Judah (. ) Unless his successor bore the same name, Hiram was probably just beginning his reign as king of Tyre, for he befriended both David and Solomon during their reigns (. 17), as the shortest way of putting an end to the newly united state. - 2 Samuel 7:1-29 This foreshadows the end of the military and technological dominance they had been enjoying over the Israelites. 1. In 1867 when British explorer Charles Warren discovered a 40-foot vertical opening through solid rock, which came to be called Warren's Shaft. Thank You for loving us so much and may Your desires be the desires of our hearts. Two memorable passages in the history of David,—the establishment of his capital, and the removal of the ark to the hill above it,—illustrate the principles upon which his kingdom stood, and show wherein it differed from the great Asiatic empires which were then contemporary with it. And David inquired of the LORD, saying, Shall I go up to the Philistines? A large part of this was whether the king recognized God as being the true King of Israel. Sermon: When You Have Sinned - 2 Samuel 12, Psalm 51. by Lloyd Stilley on Wednesday, January 01, 2014 at 7:00 AM . Share: Walk with David the sinner and you will find that God is closer than you think when you’ve blown it big time. If the king and the people obeyed God’s will, He would bless and care for them. The Lord loved His people and knew they needed a shepherd, so He equipped David to be their king. Mahanaim was over on the East side of the Jordan River on the boundary of Gad and Manasseh. But as was the case with the Amalekite messenger in chapter one who claimed to have taken Saul’s life, David had the assassins put to death. David told them to go up through the water shaft. Joshua after the victory at Jericho, when he assumed the same strategy would work. 6–16; see Jerusalem). has said to you, ‘You shall not return that way again.’ Neither shall he multiply wives for himself, lest his heart turn away; nor shall he greatly multiply silver and gold for himself. And now the elders of the whole nation anointed David and proclaimed him as their king. Also in this chapter, David takes on the Philistines. Before he was assassinated, Abner had made a peace deal with David and had begun work to pave the way for David to be made king of all twelve tribes. , the future Messiah would be born in Bethlehem. The Paperback Bible presents the Bible by the Book and is designed to be portable, readable, and truly personal with ample margins for notations. For I have seen my people, because their cry has come to me.” In the same way, after Saul had been rejected, God used David to inflict mass casualties on the Philistine forces. First, he had led Israel’s armies under Saul. There is something wonderful about the King James Version translation of 2 Samuel 5:24: when thou hearest the sound of a going in the tops of the mulberry trees, that then thou shalt bestir thyself. Sermon 2 Samuel 5:1-5, 9-10 Goliath Moments Check out these helpful resources Biblical Commentary Sermons Children's Sermons Hymn Lists 2 Samuel 5:1-5, 9-10 Goliath Moments The Rev. They enthusiastically gave their allegiance to the new king (, the kingdom of Saul to him, according to the word of the, : of the sons of Judah bearing shield and spear, six thousand eight hundred armed for war; of the sons of Simeon, mighty men of valor fit for war, seven thousand one hundred; of the sons of Levi four thousand six hundred; Jehoiada, the leader of the Aaronites, and with him three thousand seven hundred; Zadok, a young man, a valiant warrior, and from his father’s house twenty-two captains; of the sons of Benjamin, relatives of Saul, three thousand (until then the greatest part of them had remained loyal to the house of Saul); of the sons of Ephraim twenty thousand eight hundred, mighty men of valor, famous men throughout their father’s house; of the half-tribe of Manasseh eighteen thousand, who were designated by name to come and make David king; of the sons of Issachar who had understanding of the times, to know what Israel ought to do, their chiefs were two hundred; and all their brethren were at their command; of Zebulun there were fifty thousand who went out to battle, expert in war with all weapons of war, stouthearted men who could keep ranks; of Naphtali one thousand captains, and with them thirty-seven thousand with shield and spear; of the Danites who could keep battle formation, twenty-eight thousand six hundred; of Asher, those who could go out to war, able to keep battle formation, forty thousand; of the Reubenites and the Gadites and the half-tribe of Manasseh, from the other side of the Jordan, one hundred and twenty thousand armed for battle with every, All these men of war, who could keep ranks, came to Hebron with a loyal heart, to make David king over all Israel; and all the rest of Israel, of one mind to make David king. The Jewish people have always loved the city of Jerusalem, and today it is revered by Jews, Christians, and Muslims. 5:17-25 -- David defeats the Philistines. For one it may have been that David went around to local cities displaying Goliath’s head to declare this great victory that God had given Israel. “When Saul was king over us, you were the one who led Israel out and brought them in.”, Also, in time past, when Saul was king over us, you were the one who led Israel out and brought them in; and the, said to you, ‘You shall shepherd My people Israel, and be ruler over Israel.’ ”. Because of this, he was able to establish the dynasty that brought the Messiah Jesus Christ into the world, and He, too, was born in Bethlehem. The great gifts one person receives are inevitably desired by any number of that person’s friends. Prior to this point, Jerusalem was in the hands of the Jebusites. And with chapter 4, Ishbosheth was assassinated by 2 men who thought they would be rewarded by David. However, archaeological evidence indicates this could not have been the point of access and there was likely another system during the time of David. To be born in Jerusalem was a high honor indeed (. From Gibeon to Gezer was a distance of fifteen to twenty miles. God takes time to prepare His leaders, and much to be pitied is the person who “succeeds” before he or she is ready for it. It seems pretty clear that David was led of the LORD to choose Jerusalem for his capital. Now, it may have been that this relationship he suddenly made with David was one of convenience more than anything. The people had long recognized that David was a brave and skillful warrior, and these two victories added greater glory to God and honor to His servant. Saul was never willing to acknowledge this and viewed himself as the ultimate authority in Israel. Then all the tribes of Israel came to David at Hebron and spoke, saying, “Indeed we are your bone and your flesh. And when David inquired of the LORD, he said, Thou shalt not go up; And let it be, when thou hearest the sound of a going in the tops of the mulberry trees, that then thou shalt bestir thyself: for then shall the LORD go out before thee, to smite the host of the Philistines. Back to our text, the people who gathered at Hebron were representatives from all the tribes. In fact, Phoenician historians record that Solomon married the daughter of Hiram. Unless his successor bore the same name, Hiram was probably just beginning his reign as king of Tyre, for he befriended both David and Solomon during their reigns (. He knew that the Lord had promised Moses that Israel would conquer all the nations living in Canaan. He is the only viable military leader with a proven record of victories in past campaigns (5:1–5). David had reigned seven years in Hebron over the tribe of Judah; now he was to reign over the entire nation for thirty-three years, making a total of forty years. And David said on that day, Whosoever getteth up to the gutter, and smiteth the Jebusites, and the lame and the blind. Jerusalem was built on a rocky hill and surrounded on three sides by valleys and other hills. ruled in the 10th century BC (969–936), established Tyre as the most important port city in the Mediterranean, and maintained friendly contacts with Israel. But let’s not forget that when David was on the run from Saul he had lived in Ziklag with permission of the Philistine king and had raided and worked on their behalf. 6–16; see Jerusalem). They knew that it was God’s will that David ascend the throne. for David’s song of victory after God had defeated all his foes and given him peace. 4. 17 When the Philistines heard that David had been anointed king over Israel, they went up in full force to search for him, but David heard about it and went down to the stronghold. These were all important considerations, but the seat of authority should also be defensible. Read More. To get to the heart of the matter, God wanted to be recognized as the King of Israel, no matter what man sat on the royal throne. But now the nation had a king who was God’s choice and the people’s choice. Of course, the Philistines had personal experience with David. The other possible claimant was Abner, Ishbosheth’s military commander who already had his eyes on the throne. From ideas on sermon topics to how to develop church growth to insight on ministry life, Preaching helps pastors develop every area of life and work in ministry. But when he became king of the whole nation of Israel … suddenly they realized that David was a threat. 2 Samuel . , we see that the first and most important requirement was that he was to be chosen by the Lord from the people of Israel. Jerusalem would play a very important role in God’s plan of salvation for the world. What made Israel special and distinguished Israel from her neighbors was it’s special covenant relationship with God. It is thought that the tunnels provided access to the spring when the city was under siege. David at last is in command of his people, and immediately reveals the vigor that will mark his actions throughout his long future reign. make a copy of it for his own personal use. So, David entered into a covenant with the Lord and with the people. So, he met the Philistine army in the Valley of Rephaim, just a short distance from Jerusalem. David, however, is more interested in exalting the Lord as King. Saul was more interested in exalting himself. After the death of David he entered into a similar alliance with Solomon, and assisted him greatly in building the temple, It is interesting that as seemingly helpful as Hiram seems, Ezekiel, Israel was a small nation that was distinguished from her neighbors by her special covenant relationship with the true and living God (, ), and the Jews were warned not to form alliances with their neighbors that would compromise their testimony. Excavations on Mount Zion have revealed a water shaft that would have been difficult but not impossible to climb. It is thought that this structure might have been the palace. The nation needed a shepherd, and David was that shepherd. He would rather beat his head against it because he just messed up again. Archaeologists have uncovered what they call “a stepped-stone structure,” about 1,500 feet long and 900 feet wide, that was a supporting terrace for other structures, and they assume this was the “millo.”. In 2 Samuel 6, David moves the neglected ark to his new capital in order to place God back into the center of communal life. We’ll talk more about this in our study of Hebrews. And all of them were loyal to David … it says: The people remained with David for 3 days and celebrated God’s goodness. However, we could also look at this from the perspective of David having been faithful in his responsibilities under Saul. The strategy worked and David pursued the enemy all the way from Gibeon to Gezer, a distance of fifteen to twenty miles. Now, the Jerusalem that we know today is much larger than that which existed in David’s time. The Philistines recognize the threat David poses as Israel’s king. The fact that David was God’s chosen king should be their first concern. And the king and his men went to Jerusalem unto the Jebusites, the inhabitants of the land: which spake unto David, saying, Except thou take away the blind and the lame, thou shalt not come in hither: thinking, David cannot come in hither. David, guided by God, deals the Philistines a series of quick defeats, foreshadowing the end of that sea people’s military and technological dominance. See. Hiram, King of Tyre. You may remember also that Jerusalem was the city of Melchizedek, who met with Abraham back in Genesis. ... We want to join together with pastors and Christian workers to equip the church in China, broadcasting translated sermons, providing ministry resources for Christians and pastors in China. Would David show favoritism toward Judah … or would he have a distant throne in Mahanaim? Each new king was required to affirm the supremacy and authority of God’s law. In fact, so confident were they that they bragged that even the blind and the lame could defend it. days in his kingdom, he and his children in the midst of Israel. Later, David purchased property on Zion which would become the site for the temple. 5:1-5 the place of profound surrender ( Ill. After two years of struggle and civil war, all the people of Israel come to David and anoint him to be king over the entire land. Lord Father we thank You for this time we’ve had together studying Your Word and we ask that You would make it fertile in our lives to do what You desire. David Anointed King Of Israel Series. ◄2 Samuel 5:24 ► As soon as you hear the sound of marching in the tops of the balsam trees, move quickly, because this will mean the LORD has marched out before you to strike the camp of the Philistines." Please soften our hearts to receive from You. that David brought Goliath’s head back to Jerusalem, but that actually happened when David took the city. describes it as, “The perfection of beauty.”, Additionally, this is the place where the Lord says He has “written His name.”, “Beautiful for situation, the joy of the whole earth, is mount Zion, on the sides of the north, the city of the great King” (. Then, the city occupied a much smaller portion … about 11 football fields in size. This was David’s third anointing—Samuel had anointed him at home in Bethlehem, and the men of Judah had anointed him at Hebron (2:4). The shaft was near a system of tunnels around the Gihon Spring, Jerusalem's only natural source of water located outside the city walls to the south. Preach on topics including the rule and reign of David, the ark of the covenant brought to Jerusalem, God's promise to David's descendants, the sin and rebellion of David, and true repentance. and was born and raised in Bethlehem. The only city vulnerable point was the north side. The enlargement and establishment of David's kingdom, while a joy to Israel, was a grief to their old and formidable enemies, the Philistines. The total number of officers and men is 340,800, all of them loyal to David. And Hiram king of Tyre sent messengers to David, and cedar trees, and carpenters, and masons: and they built David an house. 5:6-10 -- David takes Jebus and makes it Jerusalem, the “city of David.” 3. David Reigns over All Israel (). The City of David is still undergoing archaeological excavation today. As for the rest of Israel, they were not left with a lot of choices. Sermons by Topic View ... Preaching.com is a leading resource that provides tools and ideas for pastors and church leaders to help them lead well. Moreover those who were near to them, from as far away as Issachar and Zebulun and Naphtali, were bringing food on donkeys and camels, on mules and oxen—provisions of flour and cakes of figs and cakes of raisins, wine and oil and oxen and sheep abundantly, for. Scripture In our sermon series on “The Life of David,” we have come to the point where David was anointed king over Israel when he was thirty years old. And now being recognized as King with the leaders of all the tribes convening at Hebron and crowning him king. The assassination of Ishbosheth left the eleven tribes without a king. The qualifications for Israel’s king were written in the Law of Moses in, your God is giving you, and possess it and dwell in it, and say, ‘I will set a king over me like all the nations that, around me,’ you shall surely set a king over you whom the, from among your brethren you shall set as king over you; you may not set a foreigner over you, who, not your brother. His first wife was Saul’s daughter Michal, she was childless. And guided them by the skillfulness of his hands. Commentary on 2 Samuel 5:11-16 (Read 2 Samuel 5:11-16) David's house was not the worse, nor the less fit to be dedicated to God, for being built by the sons of the stranger. With verse 22, we find that the Philistines returned to fight David a second time. One is those born while he reigned in Hebron … we saw this back in chapter 3. Over the years, when they rejected the LORD as King, He gave them the kind of kings their hearts wanted and deserved. David got word that the Philistine army was approaching. Samuel had anointed David at his home in Bethlehem. About 7 years have passed with David ruling over Judah from Hebron in the south and Ishbosheth, Saul’s one remaining son, ruling over Benjamin and the rest of Israel from Mahanaim in the north. said that Judah would be the tribe from which kings were to reign and that the Messiah would be from the tribe of Judah. In years following, David and his successors strengthened the fortress by building walls. In verse 9, the word “millo” (v. 9) means “earthwork.”. However, Second Samuel 10 is also the beginning of a new section in the account of David’s kingdom. In Deuteronomy12, God promised a place where Israel could come to worship Him. Second Samuel 5:17-25 shows us how God protects his kingdom. One of David’s first acts is to take the strategic city of Jerusalem, and make it his capital (vv. But he shall not multiply horses for himself, nor cause the people to return to Egypt to multiply horses, for the. One of David’s first acts is to take the strategic city of Jerusalem, and make it his capital (vv. Math, one of the most often used of these, describes a whole range of situations in which a person may take the life of another, ranging from the dispatching of an enemy in battle, (2 Samuel 21:17) to the carrying out of a death sentence imposed by a Prince on his brother (2 Samuel 14:28). He has a bad habit of speaking before thinking, he blurts out words as a whale spurts out salt water. 2 samuel 11:2-5. In 2 Samuel 5:1-5 we have a glimpse into the historic occasion when David and the elders of the tribes of Israel entered into a solemn covenant. 6–16; see Jerusalem). He brought Tyre to prominence with long-distance maritime trade. Real quick before we move on, I want to comment on verse 8 which says, “The lame and the blind, We read that and probably think, “Whoa … that seems way out of line.”. Plain Sermons by Contributors to the "Tracts for the Times". “The Lame and the Blind” speaks of idols. , the elders of the tribe of Judah had anointed him when he became their king. As was the case with Saul, even though God chose for king a man like the people wanted, it was still God who appointed Saul as king. ): Shimea (or Shammah), Shobab, Nathan, and Solomon. ◄2 Samuel 5:1 ► Then all the tribes of Israel came to David at Hebron and said, "Here we are, your own flesh and blood. Hiram was probably just beginning his reign as king of Tyre. prohibited Israel’s king from taking many wives. So, while David was minding his own business in Hebron, the Philistines thought he was still a vassal of theirs. As long as David was minding his own business in Hebron, the Philistines thought he was still one of their vassals; but when he became king of the whole nation of Israel, the Philistines knew he was their enemy and they attacked him. By defeating the Philistines, David gave notice to Israel’s enemies that they had better be careful what they did to him and his people. He would have been 19 years old at this time and would reign for 34 years. Verse 3 says that King David made a covenant with the people. One of David’s first acts is to take the strategic city of Jerusalem, and make it his capital (vv. God had told Samuel in I Samuel 9:16 that he should “anoint [Saul] to be prince over my people Israel. Harag (See Exodus 22:24; Numbers 31:17. David got word of the approaching Philistine army, quickly maneuvered his soldiers, and met the invaders in the Valley of Rephaim, just a short distance from Jerusalem. The Jebusites thought that even their Lame and Blind Idols could defend the city. David interpreted Hiram’s kindness as another evidence that the Lord had indeed established him on the throne of Israel. iii. [Note: Brueggemann, p246.] And David built round about from Millo and inward. Scripture In our sermon series on “The Life of David,” we have come to the point where David was anointed king over Israel when he was thirty years old. Unlike Saul, who was a Benjamite, David was from the royal tribe of Judah (. Though David would be prohibited by God from building the Temple, his son Solomon would build it.

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