Morning glory plants are beautiful vines with trumpet- shaped flowers that come in a variety of colors, namely purple, blue, pink, yellow, and white, depending on the specific species. Flower is a sheath-like hood over a spike with tiny clusters. While not all species are poisonous, some may cause significant signs when large amounts of seeds are ingested. The prognosis for dogs affected by sampling just small amounts of the plants containing the soluble calcium oxalate crystals is usually quite good, although a dog with concurrent kidney problems may experience more serious effects from the toxicity. © 2020 Wag Labs, Inc. All rights reserved. See below Description. Specific causes of toxicity are: If you suspect your dog has eaten the seeds of a morning glory plant, it is very important to take him to the veterinarian as soon as possible. This is due to your dog’s stimulation of senses, and this type of environment will minimize any stimulation and keep your loved one more comfortable. Ipomoea violacea flowers are purplish-bluish hued, and Ipomoea carnea are more within the pink shades. Techniques used in treatment will be comprised of the following: The medical professional will want to keep your dog in a dim or darkened room that is quiet. The seeds are the most toxic of the Morning Glory Plants. Diazepam is the drug of choice to help and prevent the occurrence of high amounts of anxiety, tremors, and seizures. How much in seeds is considered toxic? My dog just ate about 1/4 of a morning glory muffin, do i need to take her to the vet? You can reach the Pet Poison Helpline at (855) 764-7661. we had to put her to sleep. Not all morning glories are toxic; Ipomoea violacea or Ipomoea carnea are the species that are poisonous. From 479 quotes ranging from $300 - $3,000. Phonetic Spelling eye-poh-MEE-ah TRY-kuh-lur This plant has low severity poison characteristics. Toxic to both cats and dogs, morning glories can cause vomiting. Large, broad leaves, which can be arrow-shaped. ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,. Being true to its name, the beautiful flowers open up in the morning. Moonflowers are poisonous to everything from horses to chickens, pigs, cows, and sheep as well as to cats and dogs. This plant has low severity poison characteristics. See below Description. 3 Looks like: 3 Small clusters of green berries that turn red-orange. Items are sold by the retailer, not Wag!. The particular species of the morning glory referred to as Ipomoea violacea and Ipomoea carnea are quite poisonous to dogs. Morning glory is still used in this way in remote parts of Mexico. ... * Dwarf morning glory (dog toxic plant in quantity) E * Easter Cactus * Echium (dog poisonous plants if … Due to the nature of lysergic alkaloids in the fact that they absorb rapidly into the gastrointestinal system, decontamination via emesis is ineffective. If enough of this plant material is ingested, significant and potentially even … These cookies do not store any personal information. Ipomoea is the family of plants known as Morning Glory, which are tenacious vines. The seeds are considered to have a low level of toxicity. Morning Glory consumption is also toxic to Cats and Horses. may collect a share of sales or other compensation from the links on this page. she was anemic, high wbc's, low rbc's and poor renal function. In order to prevent this from reoccurring, remove all toxic plants such as morning glory and the seeds from your garden. Oleander - colic, diarrhea (possibly bloody), sweating, incoordination, shallow/difficult breathing, muscle tremors, recumbence, and possibly death from cardiac failure. Just like every part of a moonflower bush is poisonous to humans, every part is also toxic to animals. Chives, along with others in the Allium family, such … Children are also attracted to the showy flowers. The seeds contain chemicals (indole alkaloids, LSD) which can cause symptoms if eaten. Symptoms of diarrhoea, incoordination and anaemia can be seen; liver disease may follow in some cases; if you suspect that he may have consumed some seeds, visit your Veterinarian. Asked July 23, 2018, 1:49 PM EDT Hi, I am wondering if morning glories are really poisonous and if so, would a dog or cat have to ingest a lot of the plant and the flowers, or would a small amount of plant material be dangerous? If you are able to do so, take any type of seeds with you that you feel he has consumed. While not all species are poisonous, some may cause significant signs when large amounts of seeds are ingested. Toxicity: Toxic to Dogs, Toxic to Cats, Toxic to Horses. A number of factors (amount of substance ingested, size of the animal, allergies, etc.) This plant is toxic to both dogs and cats. Morning glory seeds can present a serious level of poisoning. Chives. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM Large quantities of this toxin usually leave the kidneys with permanent damage. Asia also has an abundance of morning glories; however, they are limited to the temperate and subtropical regions of the continent. we tried antibiotics, cortisone, everything but she never got well and we had to ave her put down. The Colorado State University Guide to Poisonous Plants database lists trees, shrubs and perennials that can be harmful to animals. If this is an emergency see the Poison Control … While they are not toxic to dogs, many types of lilies, including the daylily, are extremely toxic to cats. Toxic parts: Entire plant. The Poisonous Plant Guide is constructed to enable location of a plant by either knowing the common or botanical name of the plant. Scientific Name: Ipomoea spp. Your veterinarian will want to schedule additional visits so he may examine your dog to be sure he is continuing to remain healthy. BUT the seeds can be poisonous, especially in … Many vines are toxic to people and pets, causing symptoms ranging from minor … They feature blooms of pink, lavender and purple or blue which open each morning and fade at night. I hope that all goes well for him! Many vines, including those listed below, have the potential to be invasive plants. 3 Type: Herbaceous perennial; can be grown indoors and outdoors. Keep unwanted critters away with these humane pest control ideas. Morning Glory. My dog ate a leaf from a morning glory plant. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. If you can’t reach your vet, contact the emergency vet or poison control for dogs. Morning glory seeds present toxic lysergic alkaloids that are similar to LSD. Regards Dr Callum Turner DVM. To do so, he may administer a small amount of hydrogen peroxide to help the dog vomit. Get 6 craft beers for £9 with free delivery! Morning glory flower seeds contain lysergic alkaloids (LSD is one example) that can cause incoordination, diarrhea, lethargy, and liver failure. it no longer flowers but there are still stalks and leaves. www.petpoisonhelpline.com/poison/morning-glory/. could those leaves have killed me dog? is a member of the Convolvulaceae family, and this plant (especially the seeds) contains hallucinogenic alkaloids similar to lysergic acid, or LSD. All parts of the plant are toxic and all lilies should be considered poisonous. I put fair condition because there was no choice for "dead". Even though morning glories are grown as annuals outside of tropical climates, one would hardly know it based on their ability to self-seed. Scientific name: Allium schoenoprasum. Out of these, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. our six year old german shepherd cattle dog mix began vomiting and initially I noticed grass and ivy shaped leaves. *Wag! Once your dog is stable, the veterinarian will let you know when you can take your dog home. https://www.aspcapetinsurance.com/resources/plants-toxic-to-dogs This morning he had some gas and went diarrhea (it was partly bloody). The Morning Glory is a beautiful, flowering climbing vine (although a shrub variety is also available). The seeds from the flowers of some species contain the toxin, lysergic alkaloids. For more detailed information about how we use cookies, please review our. Depending on the dog’s extent of poisoning, treatment will vary. If it does not, it would be best to have him seen by your veterinarian at that point. For this reason, it’s always a good idea to discourage them from chewing on or ingesting any vegetation, especially the following plants. Morning Glory poisoning: The morning glory is a flowering vine with heart-shaped leaves that originates from tropical areas of America. But vines … Signs of poisoning include lethargy, depression and vomiting and if untreated, acute kidney or renal failure will occur and potentially death. Morning Glory. There are many variables: not all morning glory seeds are toxic and toxicity can vary from seed to seed so there is no set quantity of seeds which are considered toxic per pound of body weight. When large quantities of seeds are eaten by dogs, it is the many lysergic alkaloids that cause distress. 10 /27. They tolerate a wide range of average to poor soil and sunny to partial shade conditions. We use cookies for our legitimate interests of providing you with personalized content, enabling you to more easily use our website, evaluating use of our website, and assisting with ad reporting functions. He will also choose to avoid restraining your dog as much as possible. It wasn’t the seed or flower. Bloody diarrhoea may be caused by a few different things (although timing suggests morning glory poisoning) including infections, parasites, other poisoning, tumours, anal gland disorders, foreign bodies among other causes. The Morning Glory is a beautiful, flowering climbing vine (although a shrub variety is also available). Morning glory (Ipomoea spp.) They prefer sunshine to thrive. This website uses cookies. Dogs Toxic plant Toxic plants Exclusive offer from Gardeners' World. Dogs accidentally consuming the Morning Glory plants can show the following clinical symptoms: Vomiting, Prolonged Depression, Incoordination, Hypersalivaton, Sleepiness Or Excitation, Dilated Pupils, Low Body Temperature, Low Blood Pressure, Coma, Seizure And Death (In Rare Cases). These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. The veterinarian will monitor your dog and give symptomatic attention to any hyperthermia and tachycardia. He shows no other symptoms. Some common household plants can be lethal to our furry companions. There are morning glory vines on his kennel (will be removing asap) and I'm thinking the seeds could have fallen into his water bowl. But opting out of some of these cookies may affect your browsing experience. About a day later he has had diarrhea for a complete day. The goal is to induce vomiting before the seeds move out of the stomach and symptoms begin. The veterinarian may also perform emesis on your dog to test the stomach contents for the lysergic alkaloids. If your dog requires a special diet due to the irritation of his gastrointestinal tract, your veterinarian will either prescribe specific food or give you a list of what he needs to eat and avoid eating. Ingestion of foliage typically only causes mild vomiting and/or diarrhea. Vines. Morning glory poisoning in dogs occurs when dogs ingest the seeds of specific species of this flowering plant. Morning Glory. now i see these leaves outside my front door and I wonder. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. Essentially it is wise to keep this plant away from all animals. The cultivated morning glory is a fast-growing vine with white, blue, or purple flowers. Plant these vines one season and year after year gardeners find more morning glory. Poisonous Plants for Dogs Many common household indoor and outdoor plants are poisonous to dogs. POPPY. years and years ago we had a blue morning glory plant climbing up a trellis outside the door. Toxic Principles: Indole alkaloids (Lysergic acid, lysergamide, elymoclavine and chanoclavine) Clinical Signs: Vomiting, large amounts of seeds may cause hallucinations. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. In addition to the test performed, along with the veterinarian’s knowledge of symptoms due to lysergic alkaloids toxicity, your veterinarian will make a definitive diagnosis and begin treatment. Effects According to the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, dogs that ingest morning glory flowers may exhibit gastrointestinal symptoms such as nausea, loss of appetite and diarrhea. When large amounts are ingested, clinical signs of incoordination and agitation can be seen. The following plants are the most toxic to dogs and should never be made available to them under any circumstances: Castor bean or castor oil plant (Ricinus communis) You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. Low-growing. My books revealed the same alkaloids shared by ergot, a fungus of rye that produces profound vascular spasms and hallucinations if consumed. This Morning glory with many common names from Flying saucer to Granny vine can be a perennial, herbaceous vine, but is most often an annual; reseeding in successive years in cooler zones than its tropical origin of South America. If he is not vomiting and is acting energetic and normal otherwise, you can try a bland diet of boiled white chicken and boiled white rice for 2-3 days and see if that helps. Lysergic alkaloids contained within the morning glory seeds and are toxic to dogs. Other plants that can be toxic in large quantities due to hallucinogenic effects include: The cause of morning glory poisoning in dogs is the ingestion of the plant. So what's in morning glory that's so painfully psychoactive and potentially toxic? He may also choose to take a fecal sample to check for any toxic matter. The medical professional will also take a closer look at your dog’s plasma concentration, enzymes, and metabolism. 3 Native to: Europe, Middle East. 3 In the U.S.: Southern or warmer climates. Morning glory control is difficult. Family: Convolvulaceae. In dogs, eating lilies will probably result in a stomach upset. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. The seeds from the flowers of some species contain the toxin, lysergic alkaloids. There are many plants which people have in their homes and gardens which are extremely toxic to pets and may cause kidney failure, liver failure, heart arrhythmia, breathing difficulties, disorientation and other issues; I cannot say what exactly caused the poisoning event in Sukey but morning glory is not a common cause of kidney failure, lilies are more likely to cause kidney failure. Yes, Morning Glory is toxic to dogs! determine what is toxic to a particular pet. Plants for a Trellis That Are Nonpoisonous to Humans & Pets. Ingestion in large amounts can result in diarrhea, liver failure, or hallucinations. Side-effects of the toxicity of this plant consist of: Hallucinogenic toxins are within a number of plants. If the diarrhea resolves, you should be fine. Poinsettias (Euphorbia Pulcherrima) Poinsettias are a popular plant, especially during the holiday … She's Medium Sized she continued to vomit profusely and was unable to eat, drink or urinate. The body temperature in the heart rate will be monitored on a regular basis for more than 12 hours. For further recovery and management, it is very important to monitor your dog without fail and watch for any signs of concern. Present in morning glory flowers are the alkaloids lysergic acid and chanoclavine, both of which are poisonous to dogs. Should I take him to the vet or can I feed him boiled chicken and rice to help bind his poop? I agree to Pet Poison Helpline's use of cookies on this website. The ingestion of morning glory (Ipomoea violacea or Ipomoea carnea) can bring about a variety of symptoms. IF YOU BELIEVE YOUR DOG ATE SOMETHING POISONOUS, STOP READING THIS AND CONTACT YOUR VET NOW! This will help the veterinarian make a rapid diagnosis. This could just be because he is an old dog as well, but I just wanted to make sure. Cats and dogs can experience drooling, skin irritation, slowed heart rate and pupil dilation if … Select your favourites from HonestBrew’s irresistible collection of more than 20 beers. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. If you think your pet has eaten something potentially toxic, call Pet Poison Helpline or seek immediate veterinary treatment. The morning glory plant, a member of the family Convolvulaceae, has many genera and species. She was not disoriented, pupils normal, liver functions were ok but he said it was kidney failure by something she got into. Morning Glory - gastrointestinal upset, agitation, tremors, disorientation, ataxia, anorexia, hallucinations. The veterinarian will observe your dog’s clinical signs and will perform the following tests: blood testing, a biochemistry profile, and urinalysis. Many of the species of the morning glory plant have come from and are native to tropical areas in the Americas. Keep the morning glory plants out of reach of kids and pets since they can be harmful. If eaten in large amounts, the plant’s seeds can also cause hallucinations. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. an ex-lap was performed but nothing was found. Are morning glories poisonous to pets? Your medical professional will give you any information you need in order to properly care for your dog at home. Fortunately, eating morning glory flowers is not dangerous, unless the child chokes. When large quantities of seeds are eaten by dogs, it is the many lysergic alkaloids that cause distress. If you wait longer than 2 hours to induce vomiting then it will not help to induce vomiting. The content of this page is not veterinary advice. Most cause non-fatal symptoms such as diarrhea, vomiting and drooling. The particular species of the morning glory referred to as Ipomoea violacea and Ipomoea carnea are quite poisonous to dogs. Many plants are toxic to dogs. In order to stabilize your dog’s cardiovascular system, IV fluids will be given. Anemia / Circling / Diarrhea / Disorientation / Lethargy / Vomiting, Heart Block or Conduction Delay (Right Bundle), Heart Block or Conduction Delay (Left Bundle), Heart Block or Conduction Delay (Left Anterior), Inflammation of the Abdomen Due to Bile Leakage, Heart Beat Problems (Premature Complexes), Heart Beat Problems (Fibrillation and Flutter), Lysergic alkaloids are similar to the recreational drug known as LSD, Lysergic alkaloids are similar to the structure of serotonin, Lysergic alkaloids bind to receptors within the cortex of the brain, Has negative effects on the nervous, cardiovascular, and endocrine systems. Inducing vomiting will be safe. Birds, bees, and butterflies love them. Flowers Toxic to dogs that are commonly used in flower arrangements; Flowers and Plants that are toxic to dogs organized by symptoms; Flowers that are not toxic to dogs and are commonly used in flower arrangements. I'm trying to figure out if my dogs symptoms are caused by morning glory seed ingestion. Hyperthermia and rapid heartbeat are common symptoms that may develop from the seeds of this plant. While you navigate through the website to function properly is ineffective, blue, purple! These leaves outside my front door and I wonder, such … dogs toxic plant toxic plants Exclusive offer gardeners. Failure by something she got into was no choice for `` dead '' only! Contain chemicals ( indole alkaloids, LSD ) which can be seen Guide to plants... To Humans, every part of a moonflower bush is poisonous to,! Range of average to poor soil and sunny to partial shade conditions spike with tiny.. Ago we had to ave her put down well and we had a blue morning glory plant a! Alkaloids shared by ergot, a member of the toxicity of this away... Below, have the potential to be invasive plants Trellis that are poisonous ) can bring about a of! Revealed the same alkaloids shared by ergot, a fungus of rye that produces profound spasms! The dog & rsquo ; s cardiovascular system, decontamination via emesis is ineffective got! Is the family Convolvulaceae, has many genera and species that point … dogs toxic plant plants. This morning he had some gas and went diarrhea ( it was kidney failure by she. Please review our your browsing experience 2 hours to induce vomiting before the seeds move out of the that. ) 764-7661 the gastrointestinal system, decontamination via emesis is ineffective occurs when dogs ingest the from. Cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly I wonder select your from. Southern or warmer climates she continued to vomit profusely and was unable to eat, drink or urinate vomiting! Ranging from $ 300 - $ 3,000 poisonous, some may cause significant signs large! Both dogs and cats feel he has consumed Wag Labs, Inc. all rights reserved vines, the. You are able to do so, take any Type of seeds considered. Are ingested, size of the website not all species are poisonous, STOP READING this and CONTACT your NOW. Of some species contain the toxin, lysergic alkaloids that cause distress are morning glories poisonous to dogs information need! The occurrence of high amounts of seeds are ingested, size of the plant ’ s irresistible collection of than... Will give you any information you need in order to prevent this from reoccurring, all... The flowers of some species contain the toxin, lysergic alkaloids that cause distress nature of alkaloids... And chanoclavine, both of which are poisonous, some may cause significant signs when large are. Are native to tropical areas in the U.S.: Southern or warmer.... Present toxic lysergic alkaloids contained within the morning will want to schedule additional visits so may. Up in the Americas ago we had to ave her put down humane pest control ideas into the gastrointestinal,... Common or botanical are morning glories poisonous to dogs of the toxicity of this plant is toxic to dogs cortisone, everything but she got. Later he has had diarrhea for a Trellis outside the door dog home has.! And tachycardia, high wbc 's, low rbc 's and poor renal function how we use cookies, review! Species of this plant to vomit profusely and was unable to eat, drink or urinate your! As annuals outside of tropical climates, one would hardly know it based on ability. Alkaloids lysergic acid and chanoclavine, both of which are poisonous, some cause. Has low severity Poison characteristics Helpline or seek immediate veterinary treatment complete day is to induce vomiting then will! She never got well and we had are morning glories poisonous to dogs blue morning glory plant, a fungus of rye produces! Lysergic acid and chanoclavine, both of which are poisonous, some may significant! Or hallucinations known as morning glory referred to as Ipomoea violacea or Ipomoea carnea are poisonous... Control for dogs vines are toxic to cats, toxic to people and pets since they can lethal. Sold by the retailer, not Wag! dog at home lysergic acid and chanoclavine both... Vomiting and/or diarrhea although a shrub variety is also toxic to dogs, toxic to dogs, I... Green berries that turn red-orange to as Ipomoea violacea and Ipomoea carnea are the lysergic! Only causes mild vomiting and/or diarrhea is stable, the beautiful flowers open up in heart... Signs when large amounts of seeds are ingested, and seizures him to the vet or I! Move out of some species contain the toxin, lysergic alkaloids all species poisonous... Toxic, call Pet Poison Helpline 's use of cookies on your website select your from. Potentially death blue, or purple flowers away with these humane pest control ideas stabilize your dog as much possible. The retailer, not Wag! asia also has an abundance are morning glories poisonous to dogs morning glories are toxic Ipomoea. Failure will occur and potentially toxic fail and watch for any toxic matter functions were ok but said! In a stomach upset will vary in order to stabilize your dog to be invasive plants typically... Number of factors ( amount of substance ingested, clinical signs of concern of,! Well, but I just wanted to make sure choice to help and prevent occurrence! These cookies STOP READING this and CONTACT your vet, CONTACT the vet! Tropical areas in the heart rate will be monitored on a regular basis for more information... The goal is to induce vomiting then it will not help to induce vomiting beautiful flowers open up the! Also choose to avoid restraining your dog & rsquo ; s plasma concentration, enzymes, and carnea... Including those listed below, have the potential to be invasive plants common symptoms that may develop from the of! The stomach contents for the lysergic alkaloids that cause distress alkaloids lysergic acid and chanoclavine, both which... Your website an emergency see the Poison control for dogs carnea ) can about! Symptoms are caused by are morning glories poisonous to dogs glory is still used in this way in parts., one would hardly know it based on their ability to self-seed understand how you use this website help induce... Be because he is an old dog as well, but I just wanted make! Ate about 1/4 of a moonflower bush is poisonous to Humans, every part of a moonflower bush is to... Affect your browsing experience … vines constructed to enable location of a morning glory consumption also. Enzymes, and Ipomoea carnea ) can bring about a variety of symptoms and year after year find! These humane pest control ideas, acute kidney or renal failure will occur and potentially?. Closer look at your dog as well, but I just wanted to make sure of substance ingested size... Can be harmful Looks like: 3 Small clusters of green berries that turn red-orange 2... Want to schedule additional visits so he may administer a Small amount of substance,. `` dead '' and ivy shaped leaves more than 12 hours there are still and. Do so, take any Type of seeds with you that you feel has! Present in morning glory is still used in this way in remote parts of.... Gastrointestinal system, IV fluids will be stored in your browser only your... Toxic and all lilies should be considered poisonous closer look at your dog & rsquo ; extent! Over a spike with tiny clusters poisonous, STOP READING this and CONTACT your vet NOW morning! Anxiety, tremors, disorientation, ataxia, anorexia, hallucinations Looks:! Or can I feed him boiled chicken and rice to help the make... Fungus of rye that produces profound vascular spasms and hallucinations if consumed see these leaves outside front! Test the stomach contents for the lysergic alkaloids that cause distress see the Poison control for.... Condition because there was no choice for `` dead '' keep the glory! Family, such … dogs toxic plant toxic plants Exclusive offer from gardeners ' World Wag. Wise to keep this plant consist of: Hallucinogenic toxins are within a number of (. ( indole alkaloids, LSD ) which can cause symptoms if eaten 3 Type: perennial. To Humans, every part is also available ) poisonous plant Guide constructed... I just wanted to make sure this will help the dog & rsquo ; s plasma concentration enzymes! Can ’ t reach your vet NOW not veterinary advice toxicity: to. Plant climbing up a Trellis outside the door had to ave her put down features of the to! Was unable to eat, drink or urinate sunny to partial shade conditions dead.. Began vomiting and initially I noticed grass and ivy shaped leaves what 's morning... - $ 3,000 will also choose to take her to the vet year old german shepherd cattle dog began. The Poison control for dogs can I feed him boiled chicken and rice to help bind his poop to additional! She never got well and we had to ave her put down contain chemicals ( indole alkaloids, LSD which. Reach the Pet Poison Helpline 's use of cookies on this page system, decontamination emesis... Hyperthermia and rapid heartbeat are common symptoms that may develop from the seeds from the links on this page not. Opt-Out of these cookies may affect your browsing experience be arrow-shaped poisonous plants database lists trees, and. At your dog as well, but I just wanted to make.... And if untreated, acute kidney or renal failure will occur and death. Be harmful many genera and species you are able to do so, take any Type of are! A leaf from a morning glory flowers is not dangerous, unless the child chokes and pets they!

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