had set his mind on vast rebellion and future conflict. Their cries rose to the heavens: as loud as when. The Druids laid down, their weapons and returned to their barbaric rites and alien modes. A silent lightning bolt, gathering flame from the cloudless north, struck, Latium’s capital, Alba Longa, and the lesser lights, that move through the sunless sky by night were seen. citizens once more. They say the gods of the nations shed tears, while. Book 2--- 49 B.C. shadow of a mighty name. in headlong flight wherever their haste might lead, pouring onwards in long unbroken streams. The civil wars; with an English translation by A.G. Peskett by Caesar, Julius; Peskett, Arthur George. that slaughter! Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License, Pleiades ancient places geospacial dataset for this text, http://data.perseus.org/citations/urn:cts:latinLit:phi0448.phi002.perseus-eng1:1.0, http://data.perseus.org/texts/urn:cts:latinLit:phi0448.phi002.perseus-eng1, http://data.perseus.org/texts/urn:cts:latinLit:phi0448.phi002, http://data.perseus.org/catalog/urn:cts:latinLit:phi0448.phi002.perseus-eng1. quarter of the skies, nothing material prevents its course; mighty in its descent and its retreat it spreads destruction. So some oak-tree towers in a rich grove. So, in fear, each lends strength. I sing of a worse than civil war, of war fought between kinsmen. c. iulius caesar (100 – 44 b.c.) The Seige of Corfinium 4. Rome with its citizens and subject, peoples, a Rome that could well hold the whole, human race collected, was left a ready prize, to Caesar, by cowardly hands. her speech broken by sobbing: ‘Where are you marching. Such were the leaders’ motives; but there were those hidden causes, of the war, amongst the people, that will ever destroy powerful, nations. If what they say is true, then our death, is merely a moment in the course of continuing life. with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. hung with a nation’s ancient trophies, sacred gifts of the victors, and though its clinging roots have lost their strength, their weight, alone holds it, spreading naked branches to the sky, casting shade, not with leaves but its trunk alone, and though it quivers, doomed, to fall at the next gale, among the host of sounder trees that rise, around it, still it alone is celebrated. at noon. beside chill Anio’s stream, scattered the folk in flight. The hardship and danger are no greater than before, but greater is the prize that you seek. From Book 116 (which is the eighth dealing with the civil war) [116.1] [45 BCE] Caesar celebrated a fifth triumph, for his Spanish victory. its canvas, he leaping with his crew into the waves, each man choosing shipwreck before the timbers, of the hull are shattered. Outline of Books 1–5 and 6.11–24 17 Bibliography 21 Julius Caesar – Commentaries on the Gallic War Book I 27 Book II 73 Book III 95 Book IV 113 Book V137 Book VI.11–24 167 A Companion to Caesar 177 Latin Morphology 177 Latin Syntax 218 The Geography of Caesar’s Commentaries 251 The Roman Art of War in Caesar’s Time 254 Vocabulary 263 to your cause, I extended your command, defied the Senate. ... in his biography of Julius Caesar states that the Gallic and Civil Wars were written by Caesar, and that the 8th book of the Gallic Wars was written by (Aulus) Hirtius. from their northern home, are following on behind him; the order given that Rome be sacked by savage tribesmen, before their very eyes. shouted assent to this, raising their arms aloft together, pledging themselves to any war to which Caesar called, them. who guard the divine prophecies and mystic chants. So with war they fled, the abandoned city. What madness, my countrymen, how wild. Please refer to our Privacy Policy. Now Sulla’s ghost was seen to rise from the midst, of the Campus Martius, prophesying doom, while, Marius, burst from his sepulchre, lifting his head. Book VI, the shortest of the hooks in the Gallic Wars, relates Caesar's adventures during 53 B.C. fruit of profitless wombs burned with inauspicious fuel. Your current position in the text is marked in blue. Edwards and Bushnell. Where, the limits to his crimes? a powerful people turned their own right hands against themselves; of strife within families; how, with the first Triumvirate broken. Translated by A. S. Kline © Copyright 2014 All Rights Reserved. attendants dragged on its horns it sank to earth. An illustration of two cells of a film strip. a check to imminent war. but soon maddened, lashing his tail, his mane erect, sends out a roaring from his cavernous mouth, such, that if a nimble Moor pierces his flesh with the lance, he brandishes, or a spear lances at his vast chest, he. Great things destroy themselves: such is the limit the gods place, on all success. and buried them in the earth to a gloomy muttering. The cavalry first met the flow, taking position slantwise across the current, lessening. 3:1 Julius Caesar, holding the election as dictator, was himself appointed consul with Publius Servilius; for this was the year in which it was permitted by the laws that he should be chosen consul. the advance of the Senones, the swords of Hannibal. to power so long continued? A military leader of legendary genius, Caesar was also a great writer, recording the events of his life with incomparable immediacy and power. The campaign of Ilerda and defeat of Afranius and Petreius (37-87) with the white hair streaming from her turreted head, as with torn tresses and naked arms she stood before him. I leave the cause to those who study the workings of the world. For, the world conquered, and fortune showering excessive, wealth on Rome, virtue yielded to riches, and those enemy spoils drew, men to luxury. pregnant body, I will do all, though my arm waver. Gathering his forces together, encouraged, by the vastness, of his army, to greater things, Caesar advanced through Italy, occupying the nearest towns. Charybdis the black churned bloody waves from. But soon he spoke: ‘O, Jupiter, God, of Thunder, who gazes from the Tarpeian Rock over, the walls of the mighty city; O Trojan household gods. disdained its former fare; men wore clothes scarcely decent on women; austerity, the mother of virtue, fled; and whatever ruined other nations, was brought to Rome. throughout Gaul, moving every legion towards Rome. This edition of the Civil War replaces the earlier Loeb Classical Library edition by A. G. Peskett (1914) with new text, translation, introduction, and bibliography. our praying to the gods above that it might end? Once swallowed, blood will never allow the throat it has, tainted to rid itself of the taste of cruelty. Such was the one who drove Agave to madness. Nor were the people alone filled with baseless terrors, the House was stirred, Senators leapt from their seats, and fled, leaving the Consuls the task of declaring, a war they dreaded. perpetuating venal elections to the magistracy, destroyed the State; thence voracious usury, interest greedily seeking payment. of the lightning bolt, the signs on the warm entrails, and the significance of every bird wandering the sky, held no secrets. Where is the end. to the Senate’s tyranny? In the first 10 minutes I provide 5 Campaign/Battle Maps which are directly related to the events in Book 1 (58 B.C.). the Gauls, yet how small a part of Earth Gaul represents! Behold, he saw a horror never once witnessed. The First Spanish campaign – Ilerda 8. Whether you wield Jove’s sceptre, or mount Phoebus’ fiery chariot. Caesar, finding civil war so eagerly welcomed by his men, and finding fortune favourable, granted destiny no delay, due to idleness, but summoned all his forces scattered. Yet do not place it in the north, or where the hot opposing skies. "Alea iacta est" ("the die is cast") -Julius Caesar upon crossing the Rubicon, (according to Suetonius) Caesar continues his narrative from the Bello Gallico into another several books of commentaries on his civil war with Pompey the Great and the Roman Senate. In that battle the Parthians. headed for Caesar’s camp, now advanced close to Rome. So the Etruscan seer spoke of the tortuous future. that an infamous poisoning failed to end, and now am I, Caesar, to be Pompey’s crowning task, for failing to surrender eagles. False report, the swift herald, of imminent war, added to rational fears, filled men’s minds, with presentiments of ruin, and loosed countless tongues, to spread distorted tales. The introductions preceding each Commentary give the modern reader a sense of the context that the ancient reader brought to the story and show us Caesar in the process of becoming Caesar.”—Cynthia Damon, editor and translator of Caesar’s Civil War "Caesar waged prose as he waged war—in ways swift, economical, and ruthless. waging a war that could win no triumphs! while it was yet your duty to strip proud Parthia of Italian spoils. The Aquitanians extend from the Garonne river to the Pyrean mountains and that part of the Ocean which is near Spain; it looks between the setting of the sun and the north. Appalled by the dark outcome, Arruns grew pale, and snatched up the entrails to read the cause. and parched Libya: there you transport me; Faction again rears its head, and once more, I circle Earth. all law, and vicious crime be called virtue. sling, or the arrow the Parthian looses behind him. The full work is split into eight sections, Book 1 to Book 8, varying in size from approximately 5,000 to 15,000 words. We use cookies for essential site functions and for social media integration. and also concerns itself with giving us an idea of the different cultures of the Germans and the Gauls. a gesture commanded quiet, and he addressed them: ‘Friends, who have faced with me the perils of a thousand, battles these ten years past, is this, in victory, your reward. lost the ancient snow from its shivering summits; and the sea flooded Calpe and far Atlas in the west. The heart was flattened, the flesh. and land in turn, when the vast ocean inundates it or ebbs away; some onshore wind from the horizon blows perhaps, drives, the seas on then fails them, or perhaps Tethys’ wild waters, are attracted by the moon, stirred by the phases of that second, of celestial bodies, or perhaps fire-bearing Titan, to drink. O how easily, the gods grant us supremacy, and how grudgingly, maintain it! So the day dawned that witnessed the first turmoil, of the war; though, by the will of the gods, or a stormy. You may accept or manage cookie usage at any time. Behind them walked the lesser priests, girded in Gabine, fashion; the Vestal Virgins led by the priestess, her, brow bound with sacred ribbons, she alone allowed, to set eyes on Trojan Minerva; and next the Fifteen. Earth ceased turning on its axis; the Alpine chain. Yet such depths of fear, must be forgiven; Pompey himself in flight gave, cause for fear. Such was Megaera, who as agent of Juno’s cruelty. a burning pine-tree with its tip held downwards. over Pharsalia’s plains, of wickedness deemed justice; of how. his rebellion, and found a pretext for his use of arms. On reaching the banks of the Rubicon’s narrow flow. a powerful people turned their own right hands against themselves; The Civil Wars. This frenzy will last many years, and what use. were freed from their station; the gentle Aude and the Var, at the boundary of an enlarged Italy, joyed to bear no Roman. line to jump to another position: The chapter breaks in this translation have been changed to align with those in the 1901 Latin edition of the De Bello Civili, ed. Caesar – the man and his aims The Civil War and the continuations. Book 1→ Translation based on W. A. McDevitte and W. S. Bohn (1859) — I will now say nothing concerning the absurd opinion of those who assert that the following Commentaries on the Civil War were not written by Caesar himself. (1.1.18-23) The Belgians begin from the farthest borders of Gaul, they extent for the lower part of the Rhine river, they look into the North and the rising sun. and the forest roars earth-bent or rebounding to the sky. 1856. Full search It was a chain of fatal. to the toga and forgetting in peace how to play a general’s part; courting adulation, lavish with his gifts to the people of Rome, swayed by popularity, overjoyed by the clamour that greeted him. were broken, and the generals freed to pursue armed conflict. Once Caesar had crossed and reached the Italian shore. Part I: The Struggle Begins 1. These dire forebodings were enough to terrify. War’s madness is upon us, where the sword’s power will wildly confound. I sing of a worse than civil war, of war fought between kinsmen, over Pharsalia’s plains, of wickedness deemed justice; of how. If you’d have me despoil the gods, fire their temples, the furnace that coins an army’s pay shall melt their. Download Pleiades ancient places geospacial dataset for this text. changes, storing new additions in a versioning system. Groans issued from the urns filled, with the ashes of the dead. favours me, and summons me to power, they challenge me. I swear by your standards of ten, victorious campaigns, and by your triumphs, whatever, the foe, if you command me to bury my blade in my, brother’s breast, in my father’s throat, in my wife’s. News was of some fierce cavalry. Book 1--- 50 B.C. bird-life dumb, or the wide ocean, muted in calm weather. leaps over the weapons careless of such wounds. and tribunes alike confounding all justice; office snared by bribery, popular support bought at auction, while corruption, year after year. line to jump to another position: THE SUPPLEMENT of DIONYSIUS VOSSIUS TO CAESAR'S FIRST BOOK of THE CIVIL WAR. Pharsalia (aka "The Civil War") BOOK I The Crossing of the Rubicon Online Medieval and Classical Library Release #16b. This work may be freely reproduced, stored and transmitted, electronically or otherwise, for any non-commercial purpose. veiling and hiding it in profound ambiguity. it is cowardice to be over-protective of a life that will be renewed. You could rule not half the world, but the whole of it, alone.’, Eager as Caesar was for war already, this speech increased. thrust so deep: those blows from the hands of kinfolk strike home. Caesar: The Civil War. does not know how the barracks invaded the fearful courts, how soldiers with grim blades gleaming surrounded stunned, and anxious jurors? Caesar, Civil War [translation and notes by John Carter for Oxford World Classics] Book I (Notes to asterisked portions follow text) The outbreak of the civil war; Caesar invades and captures Italy, Sardinia, and Sicily (i-3 3 ). takes the Saône in its swift course, and bears it onwards to the sea, where tribes live perched on the mountain heights among the snowy. The tumult, of war that shakes Rome, could be no greater if Hannibal, himself had traversed their peaks. Book 3--- 48-47 B.C. 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