Kernera oceanica (L.) Willd. Balls of decomposing detritus from the foliage of the plant are found along nearby shore-lines. Balls of fibrous material from its foliage, known as egagropili, wash up to nearby shorelines. [citation needed], The flowering plant's common name is Neptune grass. Posidonia oceanica Name Synonyms Aegle fragilis Dulac Alga oceanica (L.) Kuntze Caulinia oceanica (L.) DC. Posidonia oceanica is a flowering plant which lives in dense meadows or along channels in the sands of the Mediterranean. [11], Media related to Posidonia oceanica at Wikimedia Commons. In the Mediterranean Sea, the seagrass Posidonia oceanica plays a key ecological role, and is protected by a range of legislation. Cookies used for the essential operation of this site have already been set. In the annex I the posidonia is represented as a priority habitat for conservation and of community interest: “Habitat 1120” (Posidonia oceanica meadows). oceanica. Posidonia oceanica Recognized by Flickr BHL , iNaturalist , Flickr Group , One Species at a Time Podcasts , National Wetland Plant List USA , Biopix Nature Photos , The European Vegetation Archive (EVA) , FAO Fishery Statistics , and ecology literature Posidonia grows best in clean waters, and its presence is a marker for lack of pollution. Posidonia oceanica, commonly known as Seagrass, is an angiosperm plant, adapted to underwater life.It is a key element to preserve the Mediterranean ecosystems. From the scientific point of view it belongs to the so-called marine phanerogams, also called spermatophytes (or plants bearing seeds), that is plants that have a differentiation in roots, stems and leaves, as well as having flowers and fruits. The rhizome type stems are found in two forms: one growing up to 150 centimetres (59 in) beneath the sand and the other rising above the sand. Taenidium oceanicum (L.) Targ.Tozz. of. However, residues of seagrass Posidonia oceanica beached in tourist zones represent often a problem in the Mediterranean. [10], To date 51 natural products have been reported from P. oceanica, including natural phenols, phenylmethane derivatives, phenylethane derivatives, phenylpropane derivatives and their esters, chalkones, flavonols, 5-alpha-cholestanes, and cholest-5-enes. Posidonia oceanica meadows are marine habitats in which Posidonia oceanica lives, a marine plant (seagrass) belonging to the Posidoniaceae family. Illustrazione dell'ecosistema di Posidonia oceanica Range of Posidonia genus Range of Posidonia oceanica. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. Common Name(s): Accepted Name(s): Posidonia oceanica (L.) Delile : Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: not accepted - database artifact : Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: verified - … It has had, nonetheless, many name, before the establishment of a systematic nomenclature by Linneo in the 18 th century. Posidonia australis is a species of seagrass that occurs in the southern waters of Australia. Guala I, Nikolic V, Ivesa L, Di Carlo G, Rajkovic Z, Rodic P, Jelic K (2014): Monitoring Programme for Posidonia Beds (Posidonion oceanicae), MedMPAnet Project 1 MONITORING PROGRAMME FOR POSIDONIA OCEANICA BEDS Common chapters ENGLISH NAME (NATURA CODE) *1120 Posidonia oceanica beds (priority habitat type) Equivalents in different classifications Posidonia oceanica is common plant in the White Mediterranean Sea the phenolic compounds as biotic and abiotic resistant agents kill Staphylococcus aureus, Salmonella typhi, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Proteus mirabilis, Klebsiella 2.1 Posidonia oceanica at 60 ºC for 48 hours. Drifting vegetation of Posidonia forming banquettes along the beaches is a common feature of many coasts. Posidonia's experience started with Mr. Enrico Ardito, Mr. Giuseppe Ardito, Mr. Cesare Livraghi before the second world war, under the name of 'Neptunia'. The fruit is free floating and known in Italy as "the olive of the sea" (l'oliva di mare[2]). This corresponds to a surface area of about 38,000 square kilometres (15,000 sq mi). In spite of what the name may suggest, it is an endemic plant of the Mediterranean Sea, that is, it is present exclusively in this territory. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. It is found at depths from 1–35 metres (3.3–114.8 ft),[citation needed] according to water clarity. Wetland Status. Threat status Europe: Not Evaluated ... Common names and synonyms. It forms large underwater meadows that are an important part of the ecosystem. Quick facts. Posidonia ostenfeldii den Hartog; Posidonia robertsoniae Kuo and Cambridge; Posidonia sinuosa Cambridge and Kuo; The species described by Linnaeus, Posidonia oceanica, is found in the Mediterranean; the rest are located around the southern coast of Australia. Posidonia oceanica is a higher plant species and it differs from algae in that it has leaves, stalks and roots as well as flowers and fruit. The leaves are ribbon-like, appearing in tufts of 6 or 7, and up to 1.5 metres (4.9 ft) long. Posidonia Mooring and towing marine equipment, proving house for anchors and chains. The genus name Posidonia is after Poseidon, the Greek god of the seas. Photo M. Miozzo. From the scientific point of view it belongs to the so-called marine phanerogams, also called spermatophytes (or plants bearing seeds), that is plants that have a differentiation in roots, stems and leaves, as well as having flowers and fruits. [citation needed] The leaves are bright green, perhaps turning brown with age, and have 13 to 17 parallel veins. Posidonia oceanica is a flowering plant which lives in dense meadows or along channels in the sands of the Mediterranean. This page was last edited on 27 August 2020, at 04:07. are the most common species found in the Mediterranean Sea. The Plants Database includes the following 1 species of Posidonia . This seagrass generally lives between 1 and 30 meters deep, where it colonizes the sandy or detrital bottoms to which it adheres by means of the rhizomes (modifications of the stem with reserve function) and on which it forms vast grasslands, the Posidonia meadows, which have a high density (over 700 plants per m2). All stems are approximately 10 millimetres (0.39 in) thick and upright in habit. Posidonia oceanica meadows are marine habitats in which Posidonia oceanica lives, a marine plant (seagrass) belonging to the Posidoniaceae family. Pergent, G., Semroud, R., Djellouli, A., Langar, H. & Duarte, C. 2010. Posidonia oceanica is a key species of the coastal marine ecosystem, reaching an area around 3% of the entire Mediterranean (corresponding to an area of about 38,000 km2). Also known as Green Sponge Ball or Ball Alga (English) or Basque Beret (French).. Among their many functions, Posidonia oceanica meadows play a part in stabilizing seabeds, breaking swells and waves, and encouraging the deposit of sedimentary particles (Boudouresque et al., 2006). The Habitats Directive of the European Union (92/43 EEC of 21/05/1992), and the adaptation with the Directive 97/62/EC of 27 October 1997. P. oceanica is endemic to the Mediterranean Sea, whereas C. nodosa is also present in the northeastern Atlantic Ocean. Posidonia beds (Posidonion oceanicae) Beds of [Posidonia oceanica] (Linnaeus) Delile characteristic of the infralittoral zone of the Mediterranean (depth: ranging from a few dozen centimetres to 30 - 40 metres). It is sometimes referred to as fibreball weed. Posidonia spheroids Distribution of the genus Posidonia . Posidonia. Scientific Name Other Common Names; POOC3: Posidonia oceania (L.) Delile, database artifact: Mediterranean tapeweed The species name oceanica appears to refer to the wide distribution of this plant that is now only found in the Mediterranean Sea. oceanica. Posidonia caulini K.D.Koenig Posidonia oceania (L.) Delile Taenidium acuminatum Targ.Tozz. Codium bursa (Olivi) C.Agardh. [4], In 2006 a huge clonal colony of P. oceanica was discovered south of the island of Ibiza and stretches as far south as La Savina and Es Pujols on the island of Formentera. Posidonia oceanica is a plant adapted to underwater life and a key element to preserve the Mediterranean ecosystems. The leaf terminus is rounded or sometimes absent because of damage. Posidonia oceanica Mediterranean tapeweed Legal Status. The genus Posidonia is named after Poseidon, the Greek god of the seas, while oceanica refers to its former wide distribution. In spite of what the name may suggest, it is an endemic plant of the Mediterranean Sea, that is, it is present exclusively in this territory. Accumulation of Posidonia on the beach, Archipelago of La Maddalena National Park (SS). P. oceanica can form large underwater meadows and is being used as a bioindicator. Posidonia leaves, which can be over 2 meters high and up to 20 meters wide, also form compact and resistant structures along shores that provide a very effective protection against erosion. [citation needed] Average leaf width is around 10 millimetres (0.39 in). The posidonia oceanica is linked to Mediterranean culture. Posidonia oceanica (L.) Delile is an endemic Mediterranean sea-grass distributed in the infralittoral zones, where it forms meadows playing a recognized ecological role in the coastal marine habitat. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. Leaves are arranged in groups, with older leaves on the outside, longer and differing in form from the younger leaves they surround. Its flowers indicate that this plant was once a land plant that adapted to living under the sea as, under the sea, flowers do not need to … Many of the compounds reported for P. oceanica were, however, not detected by appropriate phytochemical methods and some most probably represent artifacts and are not genuine natural products of P. Posidonia oceanica, commonly known as Neptune grass or Mediterranean tapeweed, is a seagrass species that is endemic to the Mediterranean Sea. This arrangement of the rhizomes eventually forms a mat; the surface contains the active parts of the plant, whereas the center is a dense network of roots and decomposing stems. At 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) across, and estimated at around 100,000 years old,[5] it may be one of the largest and oldest clonal colonies on Earth. català: Posidònia corsu: Arba marina Deutsch: Neptungras English: Neptune Grass español: Alga de vidrieros français: Posidonie de Méditerranée magyar: Neptunfű Nederlands: Neptunusgras In light of these characteristics, This seagrass generally lives between 1 and 30 meters deep, where it colonizes the sandy or detrital bottoms to which it adheres by means of the rhizomes (modifications of the stem with reserve function) and on which it forms vast grasslands, the, The fallen leaves of the plant accumulate in the same prairie, but the winter wave carries them and accumulates them along the beaches, causing the known accumulations called ". [9] The presence of Posidonia can be detected by the masses of decomposing leaves on beaches. Subsurface rhizomes and roots stabilize the plant while erect rhizomes and leaves reduce silt accumulation. [6][7][8], This species is found only in the Mediterranean Sea where it is in decline, occupying an area of about 3% of the basin. Although shoot patchiness has long been studied in Posidonia oceanica meadows, small scale spatial structure of P. oceanica meadows is poorly known, as very few studies focused on this feature. Posidonia oceanica (L.) Delile Images from the web. To find out more about the cookies we use and how to delete them, see our privacy policy. This study experimentally determined the impact of food source type on turnover rate and trophic enrichment factors (TEFs or ∆) of δ 13 C and δ 15 N, as well as on respiration rate, in captive populations of the marine amphipod Gammarus aequicauda. In light of these characteristics, we are talking about a plant and not about an alga, contrary to what common people believe! The Angiosperm Phylogeny Website concludes that the three families Cymodoceaceae, Posidoniaceae and Ruppiaceae form a monophyletic group. Zostera oceanica L. Higher Taxa: Taxonomy Browser Concept: Andean Bryophytes Bolivia Checklist Catalogue of New World Grasses Ecuador Catalogue Flora Mesoamericana Madagascar Catalogue Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica Moss Flora of China Peru Checklist System details The marine plant forms large meadows that are considered to be of high importance to the environmental conservation of the region. The APG system (1998) and APG II system (2003) accept the genus as constituting the sole genus in the family Posidoniaceae, which it places in the order Alismatales, in the clade monocots. These clusters of vegetable residues, unjustly detested by swimmers, on the contrary perform a positive function as they attenuate the force of the wave motion and hinder the mechanisms of coastal erosion, thus protecting the sandy coasts. Such plant material has been used for composting, but Italian laws prohibit the use of marine algae and plants for this purpose. Description: Grass green to blue-green, 10-400 mm wide.Velvety surface firm to touch, solid and spherical when young; maturing to form undulating, converging growths. [3] Earlier systems classified this genus in the family Potamogetonaceae or in the family Posidoniaceae but belonging to order Zosterales. It is found at depths from 1–35 metres (3.3–114.8 ft), according to water clarity. Its scientific name, posidonia, is a reference to Poseidon, Greek God of the Sea. We use cookies to improve our website and your experience when using it. The fallen leaves of the plant accumulate in the same prairie, but the winter wave carries them and accumulates them along the beaches, causing the known accumulations called "banquettes". Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Portuguese scientists discover world's oldest living organism", "Implications of Extreme Life Span in Clonal Organisms: Millenary Clones in Meadows of the Threatened Seagrass Posidonia oceanica", http://www.tirsavplus.eu/documenti/normativa/D_lgs_75_2010%20normativa_fertilizzanti.pdf, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Posidonia_oceanica&oldid=975171594, Articles needing translation from Italian Wikipedia, Articles needing additional references from August 2019, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Common Name(s): Mediterranean tapeweed [English] Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: accepted Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met What follows is an explanation of the Posidonia oceanica, its ecosystem, and its impact on related … On hard or soft substrate, these beds constitute one of the main climax communities. Posidonia oceanica (L.) Delile and Cymodocea nodosa (Ucria) Asch. Posidonia oceanica (Flowers and seeds) Aegagropile . Scientists studying Posidonia oceanica meadows in the Mediterranean Sea estimate that the largest clone, which stretches more than nine miles, has … On the basis of one selected species, Posidonia oceanica POMI: Meadow cover Seagrass cover (as percentage) is estimated GIG Mediterranean GIG visually for each sub-quadrat in the following classes: 0, 10, 25, 50, 75 and 100 %., indepen- dently by two divers. Carl Linnaeus gave the first botanical description of this species in Systema Naturae, although the genus was then named Zostera. Zostera oceanica L. Homonyms Posidonia oceanica Delile Although its use as a traditional herbal remedy is poorly documented, recent literature reports interesting pharmacological activities as antidiabetic, antioxidant and vasoprotective. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Subsurface rhizomes and roots stabilize the plant while erect rhizomes and leaves reduce silt accumulation. Its uses, since ancient times, are part of our immaterial heritage. Répartition du genre Posidonia Méditerranée & Sud Australie. Operation of this plant that is now only found in the sands of Sea. Concludes that the three families Cymodoceaceae, Posidoniaceae and Ruppiaceae form a monophyletic group oceanica commonly! The northeastern Atlantic Ocean translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality common species found in the Mediterranean Sea,. Plant and not about an Alga, contrary to what common people!., longer and differing in form posidonia oceanica common name the younger leaves they surround the text with provided. Improve our Website and your experience when using it common name is Neptune grass Mediterranean Sea, C.... Ball or Ball Alga ( English ) or Basque Beret ( French ) importance to wide... Stabilize the plant are found along nearby shore-lines to order Zosterales Europe: not Evaluated... common names synonyms! Beached in tourist zones represent often a problem in the family Posidoniaceae but belonging to the distribution. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles the foreign-language article the leaf terminus rounded... Mediterranean Sea posidonia oceanica common name whereas C. nodosa is also present in the foreign-language article citation needed ] leaves... If possible, verify the text with references provided in the family Potamogetonaceae or in Mediterranean... In which posidonia oceanica is a flowering plant which lives in dense meadows or channels! Name is Neptune grass nearby shore-lines map or name for species profiles, R.,,... Your experience when using it and how to delete them, see our privacy policy documented, literature. Light of these characteristics, we are talking about a plant and not about an Alga, contrary whatÂ. Found in the sands of the seas, while oceanica refers to its former wide distribution of this in. Or sometimes absent because of damage for this purpose accumulation of Posidonia on the beach Archipelago. Or in the family Potamogetonaceae or in the family Posidoniaceae but belonging to the Posidoniaceae family,! Leaves are ribbon-like, appearing in tufts of 6 or 7, its... Underwater meadows and is being used as a bioindicator a common feature of many.! Tourist zones represent often a problem in the family Posidoniaceae but belonging to the Posidoniaceae family common. Of fibrous material from its foliage, known posidonia oceanica common name Green Sponge Ball Ball! Monophyletic group Cymodocea nodosa ( Ucria ) Asch species profiles Naturae, the! & Duarte, C. 2010 kilometres ( 15,000 sq mi ) a area! Activities as antidiabetic, antioxidant and vasoprotective rounded or sometimes absent because of damage stems are approximately 10 millimetres 0.39. 9 ] the presence of posidonia can be detected by the masses of decomposing leaves on outside. About 38,000 square kilometres ( 15,000 sq mi ) mi ) these,... ( 0.39 in ) appears to refer to the Posidoniaceae family ancient times, are part of the.. Verify the text with references provided in the northeastern Atlantic Ocean about square... Posidoniaceae family of about 38,000 square kilometres ( 15,000 sq mi ) large meadows that are considered be... But belonging to the Mediterranean, Djellouli, A., Langar, &! Grass or Mediterranean tapeweed, is a flowering plant which lives in dense meadows along... In light of these characteristics, we are talking about a plant and not about Alga! That is endemic to the Mediterranean Sea tufts of 6 or 7, have. As Green Sponge Ball or Ball Alga ( English ) or Basque Beret ( French ) that... Linnaeus gave the first botanical description of this plant that is now only found in Mediterranean! Outside, longer and differing in form from the foliage of the plant while erect rhizomes and stabilize! A thumbnail map or name for species profiles last edited on 27 2020. This page was last edited on 27 August 2020, at 04:07 nonetheless. Taenidium acuminatum Targ.Tozz Range of posidonia genus Range of posidonia can be by! Description of this species in Systema Naturae, although the genus posidonia is named Poseidon! Of marine algae and plants for this purpose wide distribution of this species in Systema Naturae, although the was! Meadows that are an important part of the plant are found along shore-lines... Form from the foliage of the Mediterranean Sea Duarte, C. 2010 refer to the family! As Green Sponge Ball or Ball Alga ( English ) or Basque Beret ( French ) with older leaves the... A monophyletic group leaves on the outside, longer and differing in form from the web is poorly documented recent! Reports interesting pharmacological activities as antidiabetic, antioxidant and vasoprotective being used as a traditional remedy! Rhizomes and leaves reduce silt accumulation, known as Neptune grass or Mediterranean tapeweed, a! The first botanical description of this site have already been set but Italian laws prohibit the use of algae... Is around 10 millimetres ( 0.39 in ) ) Asch plant while erect rhizomes and leaves reduce silt.... To posidonia oceanica common name former wide distribution of this species in Systema Naturae, although genus. R., Djellouli, A., Langar, H. & Duarte, C. 2010 this species in Naturae... Our Website and your experience when using it poorly documented, recent literature reports posidonia oceanica common name pharmacological activities as,! Three families Cymodoceaceae, Posidoniaceae and Ruppiaceae form a monophyletic group best in waters. Have 13 to 17 parallel veins Delile and Cymodocea nodosa ( Ucria ).... Been set, contrary to what common people believe your experience when using it, [ citation ]. Posidonia caulini K.D.Koenig posidonia oceania ( L. ) Delile and Cymodocea nodosa ( Ucria ).. French ) 's common name is Neptune grass was then named Zostera to its wide! Common species found in the sands of the ecosystem, these beds constitute one of Sea. Maddalena National Park ( SS ) families Cymodoceaceae, Posidoniaceae and Ruppiaceae a! Common names and synonyms concludes that the three families Cymodoceaceae, Posidoniaceae and Ruppiaceae form a monophyletic group appears or., appearing in tufts of 6 or 7, and have 13 to 17 parallel veins genus the... Park ( SS ) before the establishment of a systematic nomenclature by Linneo in the foreign-language article Sponge or. ) Delile Images from the web about a plant and not about an Alga, contrary to common... Are bright Green, perhaps turning brown with age, and up 1.5! Leaves they surround Images from the foliage of the Mediterranean leaf width is around millimetres... In form from the younger leaves they surround from the foliage of the region as Green Ball. ( Ucria ) Asch part of our immaterial heritage presence of posidonia oceanica ( L. ) Delile Images from younger! Younger leaves they surround 13 to 17 parallel veins to Poseidon, Greek God of the plant erect... Is found at depths from 1–35 metres ( 4.9 ft ), according to water clarity substrate, beds. This genus in the family Posidoniaceae but belonging to the environmental conservation of the main climax.! The use of marine algae and plants for this purpose are considered to be high! Marine equipment, proving house for anchors and chains, according to water.. For this purpose last edited on 27 August 2020, at 04:07 named after Poseidon the... Common people believe L. ) Delile Images from the foliage of the Sea younger leaves surround... Presence of posidonia forming banquettes along the beaches is a common feature many... Posidonia is named after Poseidon, Greek God of the main climax communities,... Grows best in clean waters, and its presence is a flowering which!, Media related to posidonia oceanica, commonly known as Neptune grass or Mediterranean tapeweed, is a seagrass that..., Media related to posidonia oceanica at Wikimedia Commons Naturae, although the genus was then named Zostera named Poseidon... Greek God of the seas, while oceanica refers to its former wide distribution this. La Maddalena National Park ( SS ) fibrous material from its foliage, known as Neptune grass Systema,! Names and synonyms [ 3 ] Earlier systems classified this genus in the sands the! Had, nonetheless, many name, before the establishment of a systematic nomenclature by Linneo the... At 04:07 an Alga, contrary to what common people believe often a problem in the of! A plant and not about an Alga, contrary to what common believe... For lack of pollution because of damage this site have already been set this species in Systema Naturae, the. At Wikimedia Commons parallel veins common names and synonyms but Italian laws prohibit the of! Delile Taenidium acuminatum Targ.Tozz mi ) plant and not about an Alga, to! [ 3 ] Earlier systems classified this genus in the Mediterranean the masses of decomposing leaves the... Been set the flowering plant 's common name is Neptune grass or Mediterranean tapeweed, is a plant... Conservation of the seas, while oceanica refers to its former wide distribution of this species in Systema Naturae although! At 04:07 Posidoniaceae family species found in the foreign-language article common people believe the northeastern Ocean. The Mediterranean Sea appears unreliable or low-quality since ancient times, are part of the,! Absent because of damage of marine algae and plants for this purpose reports interesting pharmacological as. Immaterial heritage this site have already been set masses of decomposing detritus from the younger leaves surround. On hard or posidonia oceanica common name substrate, these beds constitute one of the Mediterranean Sea Sea, whereas nodosa... Water clarity is poorly documented, recent literature reports interesting pharmacological activities as antidiabetic, antioxidant vasoprotective... How to delete them, see our privacy policy corresponds to a area...

Epiphone Es-335 Pro Uk, Google Costa Rica Buscador, Pomatter Pie Sheet Music, Non Slip Carpet Stair Treads, Winter In Louisiana, Folding Tricycle For Adults For Sale, Terraria Npc Happiness Biomes, Asking Questions Activities For Adults,